Peter Lindberg (b.1944)
Born Peter Brodbeck, Lindbergh is a German fashion photographer and filmmaker note for his mostly black-and-white photographs, who in 1978 moved to Paris where he began working for Vogue. Later he worked for Vanity Fair, Allure, Rolling Stone and The New Yorker. He was responsible for the influential Vogue cover of January 1990 featuring Cindy Crawford, Christy Turlington, Linda Evangelista, Naomi Campbell and Tatjana Patitz.
Roxanne Lowit (b.1965)
Self-taught American fashion and celebrity photographer who began taking pictures in the late 70s with her 110 Instamatic camera, photographing her own clothing designs at fashion shows. Since then her photographs have been published in many magazines, such as French Elle, V Magazine, Italian Vanity Fair, and Glamour, and have been exhibited at such prestigious venues as the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and London's Victoria and Albert Museum.
Man Ray (1890-1976)
One of the most versatile of modern artists, he took up fashion photography in Paris, working with couturiers like Chanel, Balenciaga, Schiaparelli and Lanvin, alongside camera artists such as Horst P. Horst, Edward Steichen, George Hoyningen-Huene, and Erwin Blumenfeld.
Robert Mapplethorpe (1946-89)
Cult homoerotic photographer of the 1980s, also known for his still lifes.
Steven Meisel (b.1954)
American fashion photographer who achieved a degree of critical acclaim as a result of his work in US and Italian Vogue, as well as his shots of Madonna in her 1992 book "Sex" and for Vanity Fair. Also does regular photo-shoots for Prada, Dolce & Gabbana, Valentino, Versace, Louis Vuitton, Balenciaga and Calvin Klein.
Adolph de Meyer (1868–1946)
Initially hired by Conde Nast, he was the first official fashion photographer for the American magazine Vogue, and his early photos of models, actresses, and aristocrats triggered the first use of photographs in fashion editorials.
Sarah Moon (b.1941)
Born Marielle Hadengue, she turned from modelling to fashion photography in 1970, adopting a new name and achieving fame as the first "impressionist" in the world of fashion. Worked closely with Biba clothing store owner Barbara Hulanicki, as well as brands like Cacharel, Chanel, Dior, Comme des Garcons and Vogue.
Martin Munkacsi (1896-1963)
Hungarian photographer who pioneered the first use of movement in fashion photography, as well as the first shots of models in active poses at the beach. Moved to New York, where he signed on with fashion magazine Harper's Bazaar. Produced one of the first fashion articles illustrated with nude photos. [Note: For other Hungarian camera artists, see: Andre Kertesz (1894-1985), Brassai (1899-1984) and Robert Capa (1913-54)]
Helmut Newton (1920-2004)
An important figure in contemporary art, Newton is best known for his pioneering style of black and white fashion photography - notably his overtly sexual imagery - his camera shots were regular fixtures on the covers of Vogue magazine.
Norman Parkinson (1913-90)
Leading British camera artist who pioneered the use of outdoor fashion photography in contrast to conventional studio photo-shoots. The lead photographer for British Vogue magazine, he also worked for Harper's Bazaar and Bystander magazines.
Irving Penn (1917–2009)
American photographer known for his fashion photography and portraiture. Along with camera artists like Richard Avedon, Penn revolutionized American fashion photography after the Second World War. A photographer with American Vogue, he is also noted for his ad-campaigns for international brands including Issey Miyake, and Clinique.
Denis Piel (b.1944)
Award winning fashion photographer and filmmaker best-known for his 1980s fashion imagery. His photographs appeared in Elle magazine, Marie Claire, Votre Beaute and French Vogue as well as the New York Times Magazine, American Vogue, GQ, Vanity Fair and Self. He became renowned for his sensual and erotic camera art typically expressed in an intimate narrative style. In 1987 he won the Leica Medal of Excellence for Commercial Photography.
Bob Richardson (1928-2005)
Originally a New York graphic designer who didn't start photography until he was 35, he became a top freelance fashion photography grossing up to ,000 for a single image. After succumbing to illness, he fought back with the help of Richard Avedon and Steven Meisel, to become a teacher at the International Center for Photography and the School of Visual Arts. Later worked for GQ magazine and Italian Vogue.
Herb Ritts (1952-2002)
Active during the period 1970-1990 as pret-a-porter fashion became a real mass-appeal industry, Ritts became known for his innovative photoshoots for Calvin Klein, Versace and Armani collections, which introduced a new perspective to the concept of masculinity.
Francesco Scavullo (1921-2004)
Initially assistant to Horst P. Horst, this American fashion photographer was best-known for his cover photographs for Cosmopolitan, Seventeen, Harper's Bazaar, Vogue and Rolling Stone magazine as well as his celebrity portraits.
Mario Sorrenti (b.1971)
Italian fashion photographer renowned for his female nudes. Best known for his shots of Kate Moss in the publicity campaign for Calvin Klein's "Obsession". Has worked for Harper’s Bazaar and Vogue and for several of the world's top designer labels including Prada, Benetton, Yves Saint Laurent, Lancome and Paco Rabanne.
Edward Steichen (1879-1973)
Challenged by Lucien Vogel, publisher of Jardin des Modes and La Gazette du Bon Ton, to promote fashion as a fine art through the use of photography, Steichen produced a series of shots of ballgowns designed by couturier Paul Poiret, which are now considered to be the first ever modern fashion photographs. Like Man Ray, Steichen is now seen as one of the most important contributors to the history of photography in the 20th century.
Bert Stern (1929-2013)
American fashion photographer best known for "The Last Sitting, a collection of over 2,000 photographs of Marilyn Monroe, taken for Vogue during a single three-day period, some six weeks before her death. Also photographed Elizabeth Taylor, Audrey Hepburn, Madonna, Kylie Minogue and Drew Barrymore.
Mario Testino (b.1954)
Peruvian fashion photographer renowned for his advertising campaigns for Gucci and Dolce & Gabbana, but best known for his 1997 Vanity Fair cover photos of the late Diana Princess of Wales. Has also photographed Madonna for Versace.
Oliviero Toscani (b.1942)
One of the leading postmodernist artists in the Italian fashion industry, Toscani is best-known for his controversial ad-campaigns for Italian clothing brand Benetton (1982-2000). After doing photo-shoots for Elle, Vogue, L'Uomo Vogue and Harper's Bazaar, he joined the Benetton Group as art director. One of his most contoversial campaigns features a photo (by Therese Frare) of a patient dying of AIDS in front of grieving relatives. Other Benetton promotional photos organized by Toscani include references to racism, war, religion and capital punishment. In 2005 he produced yet more controversial photographs, this time for the men's clothing brand 'Ra-Re'.
Deborah Turbeville (1937-2013)
American fashion photographer who introduced a distinctive 'noir' element to fashion shots in the early 1970s. Regarded - along with Helmut Newton and Guy Bourdin - as a key influence in helping to transform fashion photography into something more avant-garde and edgy. Worked on campaigns for Nike, Ralph Lauren Bloomingdale's and Macy's, among many others.
Ellen von Unwerth (b.1954)
Fashion photographer who came to fame after working with Claudia Schiffer. Published in most of the leading magazines like Vogue, L'Uomo Vogue, Vanity Fair, Interview, The Face, Arena, Twill and I-D, she has also done promotional photography for numerous music stars including Christina Aguilera, Britney Spears, Janet Jackson and Rihanna.
Yasuhiro Wakabayashi (HIRO) (b.1930)
Shanghai-born camera artist known professionally as Hiro, he was an assistant to Richard Avedon and a protege of Alexey Brodovitch. A staff photographer at Harper's Bazaar, he was elected Photographer of the Year by the American Society of Magazine Photographers in 1969. The trade journal American Photographer devoted a complete edition to his camera art in 1982.
Bruce Weber (b.1946)
American fashion photographer and filmmaker, he is best-known for his ad-campaigns for Pirelli, Abercrombie & Fitch, Calvin Klein, Ralph Lauren, Revlon, and Gianni Versace, as well as his fashion photos for Vogue, GQ, Vanity Fair, Elle, Life, Interview, and Rolling Stone magazines.
Exhibitions of fashion photos are regularly shown in a number of the best galleries of contemporary art across America.